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How to spot an internally/externally rotated leg?

Discussion in 'Biomechanics, Sports and Foot orthoses' started by music124, Jun 30, 2016.

  1. music124

    music124 Member


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    Hi all,

    Can someone tell me what to look for when deciding whether a patient's leg is internally or externally rotated? So confused. I'm a student btw.
     
  2. efuller

    efuller MVP

    When making any angular measurement you need reference points. What is externally rotated to what? Are you asking about the thigh relative to the pelvis or are you asking about the foot relative to the line of progression?

    For example, when you measure hip range of motion, one reference is the frontal plane of the pelvis. The other line could be the axis of motion of the knee. Then you internally and externally rotate the thigh relative to the pelvis and measure the angle at the extremes of range of motion.

    Eric
     
  3. music124

    music124 Member

    Thanks. Can you explain the difference between tibial torsion and tibial varum?
     
  4. efuller

    efuller MVP

    Don't you have a text, or dictionary, with definitions of these terms. The answer lies in knowing what cardinal plane the measurement is done in.
     
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