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Stretching Before a Run Does Not Prevent Injury

Discussion in 'Biomechanics, Sports and Foot orthoses' started by NewsBot, Feb 19, 2011.

  1. NewsBot

    NewsBot The Admin that posts the news.


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    Press Release
    Stretching Before a Run Does Not Prevent Injury
    However, runners who typically stretch should continue, or risk injury

  2. BEN-HUR

    BEN-HUR Well-Known Member

    This issue was somewhat discussed on another thread a short while ago. As mentioned then, there are various forms of stretching & thus research will probably be more productive on the benefits (or not) on the two main stretching types... of which in my view will be the more common static type (i.e. stretch & hold) & the dynamic type (i.e. extended ROM movements). I also feel that there is probably a more conducive time & place for each i.e. the dynamic variety during warm-up & the static variety during cool-down/during the day. This is where I feel the research should in part focus on... i.e. the "when" for the particular type of stretch.

    I presume the above research would have had a stretch criteria where the stretch group subjects were instructed on what to do (how to do the stretches) & I presume it would have been of the more common static variety; however, there is no mention of the nature of the stretches tested (at least from the above citation). There are also many potential variables as well which could also interfere with the nature of the results.

    I do feel stretching is a valid & beneficial activity for everybody... whether it be sports people or sedentary types (however, sedentary types would be less likely to be proactive with health maintenance). The reason stretches is likely beneficial for us humans is due to our common inactive lifestyle. A lot of people are spending hours a day sitting, working at a desk/at computers (unconducive body posture for hours on end). This does have a tendency to help shorten muscle groups i.e. hip flexors, thus affecting back leg extension in running. Hence it probably wise to stretch these affected muscle groups at some point as they will be needed for the more dynamic activity of sport where the muscles/tendons & joints are required to go through its paces for efficient movement to take place for more demanding activity.

    I personally believe the static type stretch wouldn't be conducive just prior to sport as it could affect muscle integrity, strength & the efficiency factor of 'limb stiffness'. On the other hand I feel the dynamic variety would be more conducive prior to sport as it is more activity specific (i.e. in ROM & speed/velocity) thus tuning the muscle groups for more demanding ROM & loads. I believe the Kenyon runners tend to warm-up this way.

    Anyhow, more research is definitely needed so we can provide our patients more informed tips on how to look after themselves whilst training.
  3. Funny when I read this I came to the conclusion that people who change their warm up habits get injured at a greater rate. Which is not that surprising
  4. Craig Payne

    Craig Payne Moderator

    I do not think that anyone is disputing that. What this research and other research is showing is that stretching as part of the warm up routine does not prevent injury. That does not mean that you should not stretch for a whole lot of other reasons.

    I have had some interesting discussions with several running coaches about this and they were aware of the previous research that showed that pre-exercise stretching did not prevent injury; they interpreted that research as saying that you should not strectch (which is NOT what the research showed), so they just dissmissed the research as nonsense....funny how they interpreted it that way.
  5. PodAus

    PodAus Active Member

    The other thing to consider is what type of "running" is the individual proceeding with...

    aerobic / anaerobic

    To what intensity of running in what time-frame, may or may not influence the benefits of pre-event stretching?
    Does an individual need to selectively focus on stretching specific physiological complexes (soft tissue groups) dependant upon history of injury?

    To Running Coaches - More info required before satisfying the call to either abandon or stock up on pre-stretching for running athletes.
  6. For those of you who still think that stretching causes muscle damage, you may want to read this paper just published in latest Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.

  7. Admin2

    Admin2 Administrator Staff Member

    Effect of Neuromuscular Warm-up on Injuries in Female Soccer and Basketball Athletes in Urban Public High Schools
    Cynthia R. LaBella, MD; Michael R. Huxford, MEd, ATC; Joe Grissom, MPP; Kwang-Youn Kim, PhD; Jie Peng, MS; Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, MD, MPH
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(11):1033-1040.
  8. NewsBot

    NewsBot The Admin that posts the news.

    The Effects of Static and Dynamic Stretching on Injury Prevention in High School Soccer Athletes. A Randomized Trial
    Alan A. Zakaria, Robert B. Kiningham, and Ananda Sen
    JSR In Press
  9. NewsBot

    NewsBot The Admin that posts the news.

  10. NewsBot

    NewsBot The Admin that posts the news.

    Impact of stretching on the performance and injury risk of
    long-distance runners

    Claire Baxter et al
    RESEARCH IN SPORTS MEDICINE, 2017; VOL. 25, NO. 1, 78–90
  11. NewsBot

    NewsBot The Admin that posts the news.

    Biomechanical Response to Acute Stretching in Dancers and Non-Dancers
    Pessali-Marques et al
    Journal of Dance Medicine & Science, Volume 24, Number 1, March 2020, pp. 12-18(7)

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