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Treating pain in adult flat foot -exercises more effective than orthotics

Discussion in 'Biomechanics, Sports and Foot orthoses' started by scotfoot, Jul 30, 2021.

  1. scotfoot

    scotfoot Well-Known Member


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    The Impact of Foot Orthoses and Exercises on Pain and Navicular Drop for Adult Flatfoot: A Network Meta-Analysis Ngoc-Tuyet-Trinh Hoang 1,2,†

    . Abstract: Background: Adult flatfoot leads to injury and decreased quality of life. The most widely applied noninvasive approaches are wearing foot orthoses or exercising. Both interventions raise controversy about reducing pain and neutralizing foot posture. This study investigated the impact of foot orthoses and exercise on pain and navicular drop (present for foot posture). Methods: Four databases were used: MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane, from the earliest records to November 2020. Randomized controlled studies focused on adult flatfoot that evaluated the effect of exercise and foot orthoses on pain and navicular drop were extracted. We used data analysis to estimate the relative effect of heterogeneity using I 2 and publication bias using funnel plots. Results: Ten studies were identified through to November 2020. Active interventions (AIs) were exercise and exercise combined with foot orthoses; passive interventions (PIs) were foot orthoses and added stretching. Both AIs and PIs decreased pain significantly (SMD −0.94, 95% CI −1.35, −0.54 and SMD −1.4, 95% CI −1.87, −0.92). The AIs reduced pain level better than PIs. Controversially, no treatment was found to affect navicular drop.

    Conclusion: Both exercise and foot orthoses can reduce pain but not realign foot posture. Exercise alone or combined with foot orthoses showed a better effect on adult flatfoot than only wearing foot orthoses. Active intervention was shown to have better efficacy in reducing pain than passive intervention
     
  2. scotfoot

    scotfoot Well-Known Member

    The exercises used in the trials which make up the meta- analysis, are a bit of a mixed bag .

    "3. Intervention Design
    The muscles targeted for strengthening were the toe muscles and intrinsic and extrinsic foot muscles (including quadriceps, gluteus, anterior/posterior tibialis, and gastrocnemius soleus). The most commonly used exercises for muscle strength were short foot exercises, heel raises (unilateral or bilateral), plantar flexion and adduction (strengthening posterior tibialis), and Achilles tendon stretching, as listed in Table 3."
     
  3. scotfoot

    scotfoot Well-Known Member

    The Impact of Foot Orthoses and Exercises on Pain and Navicular Drop for Adult Flatfoot: A Network Meta-Analysis Ngoc-Tuyet-Trinh Hoang , teaches that both orthotics and exercises can help with pain in adults with flat foot .

    It might be argued that patients will wear orthotics but will not stick to an exercise routine, and there may be some truth in that . But should patients not be fully put in the picture by treating physicians so that they can wear orthotics but also do exercises during periods when the pain becomes worse ?
     
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