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Blood flow restriction (occlusion) training

Discussion in 'Biomechanics, Sports and Foot orthoses' started by Craig Payne, Mar 11, 2015.

  1. Craig Payne

    Craig Payne Moderator

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    interesting:
    Squeezing some facts out of blood flow restriction training
     
  2. Craig Payne

    Craig Payne Moderator

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    Re: Blood flow restriction training

    Picked up this on twitter:
     
  3. bruk

    bruk Member

    Re: Blood flow restriction training

    I've been hearing more about blood-flow restriction training, and I know a physio who uses it in his practice (claims to be able to achieve greater strength gains with lower loads). It is an interesting concept, but I have not yet heard anyone discuss the potential negative effects. It seems that by compromising venous return and creating an extremely high pressure gradient in venous vessel, one would expect to blow out the valves, which can obviously have some very negative consequences. Any thoughts?
     
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    Re: Blood flow restriction training

    Efficacy of Blood Flow-Restricted Low-Load Resistance Training For Quadriceps Strengthening in Men at Risk of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis
    Neil Segal, Maria D. Davis, Alan E. Mikesky
    Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation April 29, 2015
     
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    Re: Blood flow restriction training

     
    Last edited by a moderator: Sep 22, 2016
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    The efficacy of blood flow restricted exercise: A systematic review & meta-analysis
    Joshua Slysz, Jack Stultz, Jamie F. Burr
    Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport; Article in Press
     
  8. wdd

    wdd Well-Known Member

    The focus on how it (blood flow restriction training) works seems to be totally directed towards total venous occlusion. I wonder if the short term relative arterial occlusion may have some positive effects? Personally I would instinctively be looking towards the changes in the arterial blood flow as being the major source of improvement in performance?

    Bill
     
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    Article in Press
    Bilateral muscle strength symmetry and performance are improved following walk training with restricted blood flow in an elite paralympic sprint runner: Case study
    Amadeo F?lix Salvadorcorrespondenceemail, Karla Rochana Schubert, Rog?rio Santos de Oliveira Cruz, Rog?rio Bulh?es Corvino, Kayo Leonardo Pereira, Fabrizio Caputo, Mariana Fernandes Mendes de Oliveira
    Physical Therapy in Sport; in press
     
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    The Effect of Cuff Width on Muscle Adaptations after Blood Flow Restriction Training.
    Laurentino, Gilberto Candido; Loenneke, Jeremy Paul; Teixeira, Emerson Luiz; Nakajima, Eliza; Iared, Wagner; Tricoli, Valmor
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: December 11, 2015
     
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    Vascular occlusion training

    Blood flow restriction training abbreviated BFR training) or Occlusion Training is an exercise approach whereby resistance exercise or aerobic exercise is performed whilst a tourniquet is applied to proximal aspect of the muscle[1].In this novel training method, limb blood flow is restricted via a cuff throughout the contraction cycle and rest period. This results in partial restriction of arterial inflow to muscle, but, most significantly restricts venous outflow from the muscle[2]. Given the light-load nature and strengthening capacity of BFR training, it can provide an effective clinical rehabilitation stimulus without the high levels of joint stress and cardiovascular risk associated with heavy-load training [3]

    1. ^ Scott, Brendan R.; Loenneke, Jeremy P.; Slattery, Katie M.; Dascombe, Ben J. (March 2015). "Exercise with blood flow restriction: an updated evidence-based approach for enhanced muscular development". Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.). 45 (3): 313–325. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0288-1. ISSN 1179-2035. PMID 25430600.
    2. ^ Patterson, Stephen D.; Hughes, Luke; Head, Paul; Warmington, Stuart; Brandner, Christopher (2017-06-22). "Blood flow restriction training: a novel approach to augment clinical rehabilitation: how to do it". Br J Sports Med. 51 (23): bjsports–2017–097738. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-097738. ISSN 0306-3674. PMID 28642225.
    3. ^ Hughes, Luke; Paton, Bruce; Rosenblatt, Ben; Gissane, Conor; Patterson, Stephen David (2017-07-01). "Blood flow restriction training in clinical musculoskeletal rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis". Br J Sports Med. 51 (13): 1003–1011. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-097071. ISSN 0306-3674. PMID 28259850.
     
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    Low-intensity resistance training with blood flow restriction improves vascular endothelial function and peripheral blood circulation in healthy elderly people.
    Shimizu R et al
    Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016 Jan 28.
     
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    Ischemic Preconditioning Enhances Muscle Endurance during Sustained Isometric Exercise
    D. Tanaka et al
    Int J Sports Med DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1565141
     
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    IS DELAYED ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING AS EFFECTIVE ON RUNNING PERFORMANCE DURING A 5-KM TIME TRIAL AS ACUTE IPC?
    Joost P.H. Seeger, Silvie Timmers, Danique J.M. Ploegmakers, N. Timothy Cable, Maria T.E. Hopman, Dick H.J. Thijssen
    JSSM; Article in Press
     
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    Adaptation of perceptual responses to low load blood flow restriction training.
    Martin-Hernandez, Juan; et al
    Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: May 14, 2016
     
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    Central Nervous System Activation in Blood Flow Restricted versus Non-Restricted Exercise: A Pilot Study
    Tiffany D. deVries et al
    Presented at the ACSM Annual Meeting; Boston 2016
     
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    Blood Flow Restricted Exercise Compared to High Load Resistance Exercise During Unloading.
    Hackney KJ, Downs ME, Ploutz-Snyder L.
    Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016 Aug;87(8):688-96. doi: 10.3357/AMHP.4566.2016.
     
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    Low intensity sprint training with blood flow restriction improves 100 m dash.
    Behringer, M.; Behlau, D.; Montag, J.; McCourt, M.; Mester, J.
    Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: November 25, 2016
     
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    Delayed Effect of Blood-Flow-Restricted Resistance Training on Rapid Force Capacity.
    Nielsen, Jakob Lindberg; Frandsen, Ulrik; Prokhorova, Tatyana; Bech, Rune Dueholm; Nygaard, Tobias; Suetta, Charlotte; Aagaard, Per
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: January 23, 2017
     
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    The role of blood flow restriction training for applied practitioners: A questionnaire-based survey
    Stephen D. Patterson & Christopher R. Brandner
    Journal of Sports Sciences Pages 1-8 | Accepted 11 Jan 2017, Published online: 01 Feb 2017
     
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    Does a resistance exercise session with continuous or intermittent blood flow restriction promote muscle damage and increase oxidative stress?
    Gabriel R. Neto, Jefferson S. Novaes, Verônica P. Salerno, Michel M. Gonçalves, Gilmário R. Batista & Maria S. Cirilo-Sousa
    Journal of Sports Sciences Pages 1-7 | Accepted 12 Jan 2017, Published online: 31 Jan 2017
     
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    The role of blood flow restriction training for applied practitioners: A questionnaire-based survey
    Stephen D. Patterson & Christopher R. Brandner
    Journal of Sports Sciences Pages 1-8 | Accepted 11 Jan 2017, Published online: 01 Feb 2017
     
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    Effect of strength training with blood flow restriction on isometric strength during different phases of the menstrual cycle
    Eduardo CHAVES et al
    Medicina dello Sport 2016 September;69(3):331-43
     
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    Blood flow restriction training in clinical musculoskeletal rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Hughes L, Paton B, Rosenblatt B, et al
    Br J Sports Med Published Online First: 04 March 2017
     
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    Blood flow restriction walking and physical function in older adults: a randomized control trial
    Matthew John Clarkson, Louise Conway, Stuart Anthony Warmington'
    JSMS; Article in Press
     
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    Quadriceps strengthening with and without blood flow restriction in the treatment of patellofemoral pain: a double-blind randomised trial
    Lachlan Giles, Kate E Webster, Jodie McClelland, Jill L Cook
    Br J Sports Med Published Online First: 12 May 2017
     
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    Ischemic Preconditioning Blunts Muscle Damage Responses Induced by Eccentric Exercise.
    Franz, Alexander; Behringer, Michael; Harmsen, Jan-Frieder; Mayer, Constantin; Krauspe, Rüdiger; Zilkens, Christoph; Schumann, Moritz
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: August 22, 2017
     
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    Impact of Blood Flow Restriction Exercise on Muscle Fatigue Development and Recovery.
    Husmann, Florian; Mittlmeier, Thomas; Bruhn, Sven; Zschorlich, Volker; Behrens, Martin
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: November 6, 2017
     
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    Mechanisms Behind Blood Flow Restricted Training and its Effect Towards Muscle Growth.
    Hwang, Paul; Willoughby, Darryn S.
    Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: Post Acceptance: December 04, 2017
     
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    Blood Flow Restriction Training After Achilles Tendon Rupture
    Bobby G. Yow et al
    JFAS; Article in Press
     
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    Blood Flow Restriction induces hypoalgaesia in recreationally active adult male anterior knee pain patients allowing therapeutic exercise loading
    Korakakis Vasileios et al
    Phys Ther Sport; Article in Press
     
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    Personalized Blood Flow Restriction Therapy: How, When and Where Can It Accelerate Rehabilitation After Surgery?
    BrianDayM.D.
    Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery; Volume 34, Issue 8, August 2018, Pages 2511-2513
     
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    Type 1 Muscle Fiber Hypertrophy after Blood Flow–restricted Training in Powerlifters
    Bjørnsen, Thomas et al
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: September 4, 2018 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
     
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    Effects of Blood Flow Restriction Training on Muscular Strength and Hypertrophy in Older Individuals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Christoph CentnerPatrick WiegelAlbert GollhoferDaniel König
    Sports Medicine: 10 October 2018
     
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